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Aviat Space Environ Med. 1989 Jan;60(1):23-8.

Monitoring fluid shifts in humans: application of a new method.

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Physiologisches Institut, Karl-Franzens-Universit├Ąt, Graz, Austria.


Using the "mechanical oscillator technique," the mass density of antecubital venous blood and plasma samples was measured 5-20 times in order to study the influence of postural changes (gravity dependence) on human blood mass density with 0.01 g.L-1 precision, while performing tilt table tests in 17 men. Hemoglobin concentration was measured in 10, and hematocrit in all subjects. Postural fluid shifts were mirrored by accompanying changes in all variables. Blood density (BD) was monitored continuously in five additional experiments from one vein each using two independent densitometers. There were linear relations (p less than 0.01) between all possible combinations of BD, plasma density (PD), blood hemoglobin concentration (Hb), and hematocrit (Ht). Hb can be directly computed from BD (range +/- 10%); the accuracy of Ht determinations from BD increases (range +/- 0.02) if the individual erythrocyte density (ED) and the sample PD are used for calculation. ED was calculated and did not change with body position. ED values of different persons ranged between 1085 g.L-1 and 1095 g.L-1 and did not vary in 15 out of 17 individuals with time (5-75 d). We conclude that ED is closely regulated to an individual set point, that Ht can be computed from BD with higher accuracy if the individual ED and the actual PD values are known, and that BD allows for direct Hb calculation. On-line BD monitoring can be performed with high precision and reveals the individual time-course of spontaneous and postural capillary fluid shifts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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