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Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Dec;12(7):1163-1173.

NERVE ENTRAPMENT IN THE HIP REGION: CURRENT CONCEPTS REVIEW.

Author information

1
Baylor University Medical Center, Hip Preservation Center, Dallas TX, USA.
2
Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this clinical commentary is to review the anatomy, etiology, evaluation, and treatment techniques for nerve entrapments of the hip region. Nerve entrapment can occur around musculotendinous, osseous, and ligamentous structures because of the potential for increased strain and compression on the peripheral nerve at those sites. The sequela of localized trauma may also result in nerve entrapment if normal nerve gliding is prevented. Nerve entrapment can be difficult to diagnose because patient complaints may be similar to and coexist with other musculoskeletal conditions in the hip and pelvic region. However, a detailed description of symptom location and findings from a comprehensive physical examination can be used to determine if an entrapment has occurred, and if so where. The sciatic, pudendal, obturator, femoral, and lateral femoral cutaneous are nerves that can be entrapped and serve a source of hip pain in the athletic population. Manual therapy, stretching and strengthening exercises, aerobic conditioning, and cognitive-behavioral education are potential interventions. When conservative treatment is ineffective at relieving symptoms surgical treatment with neurolysis or neurectomy may be considered.

Level of Evidence:

5.

KEYWORDS:

Anatomy; etiology; evaluation; hip; nerve entrapment; treatment

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