Send to

Choose Destination
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2017 Dec 12;12(1):52. doi: 10.1186/s13011-017-0138-x.

Influences of perfectionism and motivational climate on attitudes towards doping among Korean national athletes: a cross sectional study.

Author information

Department of Sports Medicine and Science, Taereung National Training Center of the Korean Sport & Olympic Committee, 727, Hwarang-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul, 01794, Republic of Korea.
Department of Marine Sports, Pukyong National University, 45, Yongso-ro, Nam-Gu, Busan, 48513, Republic of Korea.



The motives for elite athletes to dope are related primarily to maintaining and improving their physical performance. Especially, elite athletes training to compete in the Olympics may feel unique situational pressure, which may in turn induce powerful motivation for doping and predict doping behavior. This study aimed to investigate possible factors associated with attitudes towards doping in Korean national athletes who competed in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.


A total of 198 athletes (95 female, 103 male) completed the questionnaire, which covered demographic information, doping-related experiences, Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS), Perfectionism in Sports Scale (PSS; coach's criticism, concern over mistakes, and personal standards), and Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2; ego-involving and task-involving climates). Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to identify correlations among PEAS, PSS, and PMCSQ-2 scores, and stepwise multiple linear regression was performed to investigate possible factors significantly associated with attitudes towards doping.


The coach's criticism of PSS was slightly or weakly related to the concern over mistakes of PSS and the ego-involving climate of PMCSQ-2, respectively. And the concern over mistakes sub-scale of perfectionism was related to attitudes towards doping, but weakly.


Effective anti-doping policy should meet athletes' perfectionism, and more studies that identify other factors that influence athletes' doping attitudes are needed.


Doping behavior; Elite athlete; Performance enhancement; Rio Olympics

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center