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BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017 Dec 12;18(1):525. doi: 10.1186/s12891-017-1889-2.

Upper thoracic spine mobilization and mobility exercise versus upper cervical spine mobilization and stabilization exercise in individuals with forward head posture: a randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Sahmyook University, 815, Hwarang-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul, South Korea.
2
Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, 815, Hwarang-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul, South Korea. swlee@syu.ac.kr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although upper cervical and upper thoracic spine mobilization plus therapeutic exercises are common interventions for the management of forward head posture (FHP), no study has directly compared the effectiveness of cervical spine mobilization and stabilization exercise with that of thoracic spine mobilization and mobility exercise in individuals with FHP.

METHODS:

Thirty-two participants with FHP were randomized into the cervical group or the thoracic group. The treatment period was 4 weeks, with follow-up assessment at 4 and 6 weeks after the initial examination. Outcome measures including the craniovertebral angle (CVA), cervical range of motion, numeric pain rating scale (NPRS), pressure pain threshold, neck disability index (NDI), and global rating of change (GRC) were collected. Data were examined with a two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance (group × time).

RESULTS:

Participants in the thoracic group demonstrated significant improvements (p < .05) in CVA, cervical extension, NPRS, and NDI at the 6-week follow-up compared with those in the cervical group. In addition, 11 of 15 (68.8%) participants in the thoracic group compared with 8 of 16 participants (50%) in the cervical group showed a GRC score of +4 or higher at the 4-week follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combination of upper thoracic spine mobilization and mobility exercise demonstrated better overall short-term outcomes in CVA (standing position), cervical extension, NPRS, NDI, and GRC compared with upper cervical spine mobilization and stabilization exercise in individuals with FHP.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

KCT0002307 , April 11, 2017 (retrospectively registered).

KEYWORDS:

Forward head posture; Mobilization; Neck pain; Therapeutic exercises

PMID:
29233164
PMCID:
PMC5727966
DOI:
10.1186/s12891-017-1889-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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