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J Cell Biochem. 2018 May;119(5):3999-4008. doi: 10.1002/jcb.26557. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

The structural and functional reliability of Circulins of Chassalia parvifolia for peptide therapeutic scaffolding.

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Bioinformatics Division, School of Bio Sciences and Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.


Computational methods have refined the mode of peptide drug designing to a new plateau recently. Circulin, a 30 residue natural plant polypeptide acts as a plant defensive peptide. Additional to its antimicrobial activity it also possesses an inhibitory cytopathic effect on the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Stable Circulin can be a functionally able template for scaffolding peptide based drugs. Hence, structural stability of Chassalia parvifolia, Circulin A (1BH4), and Circulin B (2ERI) was computationally investigated. From this analysis, the stability favored toward Circulin B which was supported by various parameters such as intra-molecular interactions (61), secondary structure, hydrophobicity (67.34%), root mean square deviation (2.64Å), root mean square fluctuation (0.08Å), radius of gyration (8.96Å), ovality (3.49), angular deviation (73.6%), surface area (both polar and non-polar), hydrogen bond distribution (11.94), and disulphide bond distances. Further, the functional activity calculated in terms of membrane associated free energy (-4.10 kcal/mol) also favored Circulin B. Hence, Circulin B could be proposed as the best template for scaffolding antimicrobial as well as antiviral (HIV) peptide based drug design. The obtained computational data can aid experimental biologists to successfully produce stable therapeutic peptides from natural resources reducing erroneous wastage of monetary sources and time.


HIV; antimicrobial peptide; circulin; conformational sampling; stability

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