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Am J Cardiol. 1989 Mar 15;63(11):709-13.

Prevalence and hemodynamic correlates of malnutrition in severe congestive heart failure secondary to ischemic or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of California, School of Medicine, Los Angeles.

Abstract

Whereas cardiac cachexia is well recognized, the frequency and hemodynamic correlates of malnutrition in severe congestive heart failure (CHF) have not been established. Anthropometric and serum albumin assessment of nutritional status was compared with hemodynamic, echocardiographic and serum chemistry evaluation in 48 patients with severe CHF (ejection fraction 0.17 +/- 0.05). Malnutrition, as defined by decreases in percent body fat determined from skinfold thicknesses, weight/height index or serum albumin, was present in 24 of 48 (50%) patients, who did not differ from the 24 well-nourished patients in cardiac index (1.9 +/- 0.6 vs 2.1 +/- 0.6 liters/min/m2) and pulmonary artery wedge pressure (30 +/- 6 vs 27 +/- 10 mm Hg), but had higher right atrial pressure (16 +/- 5 vs 9 +/- 6 mm Hg, p less than 0.01) and more severe tricuspid regurgitation by semiquantitative Doppler grading on a 0 to 3 scale (2.0 +/- 0.9 vs 0.9 +/- 0.8, p less than 0.01). Right atrial pressure was the only independent hemodynamic predictor of malnutrition (p less than 0.0002). Malnourished patients had lower serum sodium (134 +/- 4 vs 139 +/- 4 mEq/liter, p less than 0.01) and total triiodothyronine levels (89 +/- 30 vs 115 +/- 26 ng/dl, p less than 0.01) and higher creatinine levels (1.6 +/- 0.7 vs 1.2 +/- 0.4, p less than 0.03). None of the other biochemical markers of nutritional status differed between the groups except lower serum triglyceride levels (115 +/- 73 vs 186 +/- 97 mg/dl, p less than 0.05) in malnourished patients. Malnutrition is common in patients with severe CHF and is associated with increased right atrial pressure and tricuspid regurgitation.

PMID:
2923059
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9149(89)90256-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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