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J Biosci. 2017 Dec;42(4):575-584.

MicroRNA-486-5p suppresses TGF-β2-induced proliferation, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of lens epithelial cells by targeting Smad2.

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Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.


The pathological development of lens epithelial cells (LECs) leads to posterior capsular opacification (PCO). This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of microRNA-486-5p (miR-486-5p) on TGF-β2-induced proliferation, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the lens epithelial cell line SRA01/04, and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. The expression of miR-486-5p in TGF-β2-induced SRA01/04 cells was down-regulated, and the expression of Smad2, p-Smad2 and p-Smad3 was up-regulated. A dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that miR-486-5p directly targets the 30'-UTR of Smad2. MiR-486-5p mimic transfection markedly down-regulated the expression levels of Smad2, thus inhibiting the expression of p-Smad2 and p-Smad3. MiR-486-5p overexpression in SRA01/04 cells markedly suppressed TGF-β2-induced proliferation and invasion, inhibited protein expression of CDK2 and CDK4, down-regulated fibronectin, α-SMA and vimentin and up-regulated E-cadherin; these effects were partly reversed by Smad2 overexpression. In short, these data show that miR-486-5p overexpression can inhibit TGF-β2-induced proliferation, invasion and EMT in SRA01/04 cells by repressing Smad2/Smad3 signalling, implying that miR-486-5p may be an effective target to interfere in the progression of PCO.

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