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Int Immunopharmacol. 2018 Feb;55:77-85. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2017.12.007. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

Reduced inflammatory factor expression facilitates recovery after sciatic nerve injury in TLR4 mutant mice.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, PR China.
2
Department of Anatomy, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, PR China.
3
Department of Traumatic Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, PR China.
4
Department of Immunology, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, PR China. Electronic address: zhangbei124@aliyun.com.

Abstract

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are extremely significant pattern recognition receptors. When nerve injury occurs, a variety of inflammatory factors are generated, leading to an exceedingly complex micro-environment. TLRs recognize damage-associated molecular patterns. To investigate the correlation between TLR4 and recovery after sciatic nerve injury, the model of sciatic nerve injury was conducted using TLR4-mutated mice (C3H/HeJ) and wild mice (C3H/HeN). Our goal was to identify short-stage and long-stage changes after sciatic nerve injury, mainly by checking the expression changes of inflammation factors in the short-stage and the differences in the recovery of the injured sciatic nerve in the long-stage. The results show that the increase of changes in the HeN group of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and MCP-1 are more obvious than in the HeJ group, with caspase1 expression higher and Nlrp3 expression lower in the former group. Further results reveal intense inflammation occurred in the HeN group showing more neutrophils and macrophages. Nlrp3 and caspase1 showed little difference by Immunohistochemistry, with Nlrp6 expression differing between the HeJ group and the HeN group. The results led us to conclude that better recovery of the injured sciatic nerve occurred in the HeJ group because the expression of GAP-43 and p75NTR was higher and had a better SFI figure. TLR4 mutation can decrease the expression of inflammatory factors and enhance the speed of recovery after sciatic nerve injury. The changes in the expression of Nlrp6, which are related to the TLR4 mutation, may influence recovery of the injured sciatic nerve. Further studies will be conducted to confirm these results.

KEYWORDS:

Inflammation; Nlrp3; Nlrp6; Recovery of sciatic nerve injury; TLR4 mutant

PMID:
29227824
DOI:
10.1016/j.intimp.2017.12.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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