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Syst Biol Reprod Med. 2018 Feb;64(1):12-24. doi: 10.1080/19396368.2017.1410591. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Sex hormone binding globulin - an important biomarker for predicting PCOS risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
a Centre for Medical Biotechnology, Maharshi Dayanad University , Haryana , India.
2
b All India Institute of Medical Sciences , New Delhi , India.

Abstract

Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a glycoprotein which regulates bioavailability of sex steroid hormones. Interest in SHBG has escalated in recent years because of its inverse association with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), obesity, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes type II. This meta-analysis was performed to examine the associations of SHBG with PCOS and to correlate serum SHBG levels with various PCOS associated endocrine and metabolic dysregulation as well as to determine the effects of various therapeutic agents on serum SHBG levels in PCOS patients in order to assess the true accuracy of SHBG in the prediction of PCOS. A literature search was performed using Pub-Med, Science direct, google scholar, EMBASE, and Cochrane library. A total of 675 relevant records were identified, of which 62 articles were included. Meta-analysis using a random-effects model was performed using STATA version 13 to calculate standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95 % CIs). SHBG levels in controls were significantly higher than that of PCOS patients (SMD= -0.83, 95%CI = -1.01, -0.64), with significant heterogeneity across studies (I2= 93.9% and p=0.000). Our results suggest that the lower serum SHBG levels are associated with the risk of PCOS. SHBG may also play an important role in various metabolic disturbances in PCOS patients. Therapeutic interventions improved SHBG levels in PCOS women which further reduced PCOS associated complications. Therefore, SHBG levels may prove to be a useful biomarker for the diagnosis and treatment of PCOS. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42017057972 Abbreviations: PCOS: polycystic ovary syndrome; SHBG: sex hormone-binding globulin.

KEYWORDS:

Metabolic syndrome; obesity; polycystic ovary syndrome; sex hormone-binding globulin; type 2 diabetes

PMID:
29227165
DOI:
10.1080/19396368.2017.1410591
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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