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J Sch Health. 2018 Jan;88(1):15-22. doi: 10.1111/josh.12576.

Exploring the Associations Among Nutrition, Science, and Mathematics Knowledge for an Integrative, Food-Based Curriculum.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition Science, College of Allied Health Sciences, East Carolina University, 4310J Health Sciences Building, Greenville, NC 27858.
2
Department of Family Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858.
3
203 West Main Street, Bruceton Mills, WV 26525-7113.
4
Department of Nutrition Science, College of Allied Health Sciences, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Explore associations between nutrition, science, and mathematics knowledge to provide evidence that integrating food/nutrition education in the fourth-grade curriculum may support gains in academic knowledge.

METHODS:

Secondary analysis of a quasi-experimental study. Sample included 438 students in 34 fourth-grade classrooms across North Carolina and Ohio; mean age 10 years old; gender (I = 53.2% female; C = 51.6% female). Dependent variable = post-test-nutrition knowledge; independent variables = baseline-nutrition knowledge, and post-test science and mathematics knowledge. Analyses included descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression.

RESULTS:

The hypothesized model predicted post-nutrition knowledge (F(437) = 149.4, p < .001; Adjusted R = .51). All independent variables were significant predictors with positive association.

CONCLUSIONS:

Science and mathematics knowledge were predictive of nutrition knowledge indicating use of an integrative science and mathematics curriculum to improve academic knowledge may also simultaneously improve nutrition knowledge among fourth-grade students. Teachers can benefit from integration by meeting multiple academic standards, efficiently using limited classroom time, and increasing nutrition education provided in the classroom.

KEYWORDS:

integration; mathematics; nutrition; nutrition knowledge; science

PMID:
29224221
PMCID:
PMC5728171
[Available on 2019-01-01]
DOI:
10.1111/josh.12576
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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