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Asian J Psychiatr. 2018 Feb;32:79-83. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2017.11.025. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Mindfulness-based interventions for chronic pain: Evidence and applications.

Author information

1
Attending Psychiatrist, Natchaug Hospital, Mansfield Center, CT, United States. Electronic address: Hassan.Majeed@icloud.com.
2
Resident Psychiatrist, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (Elmhurst), Queens, NY, United States. Electronic address: aliahsanloona@gmail.com.
3
Professor of Psychiatry, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address: DS42@Drexel.edu.

Abstract

Chronic pain is estimated to occur in from 5.5% to 33% of the world's adult population (Gureje et al., 1998). Chronic pain is frequently treated with opiates, which has produced an opiate addiction crisis (Dowell et al., 2016). Several non-pharmacological treatment alternatives can help manage chronic pain. There is moderate evidence that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) such as meditation, yoga, and stress reduction lower the perception of pain, increase mobility, improve functioning and well-being. By integrating MBIs and other therapeutic interventions in a multi-disciplinary pain management plan, clinicians can improve treatment outcomes and potentially decrease pain-related medication utilization.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic pain; Meditation-based interventions; Mindfulness meditation; Mindfulness-based stress reduction; Opioid abuse

PMID:
29220782
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajp.2017.11.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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