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Clin Gerontol. 2019 May-Jun;42(3):334-343. doi: 10.1080/07317115.2017.1381867. Epub 2017 Dec 8.

Autobiographical Narration as a Tool for the Empowerment of Older Adults' Subjective and Psychological Wellbeing in Nursing Homes.

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1
a Università Cattolica di Milano , Milano , Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Conceiving narration as a resource to promote older people's wellbeing, the present work aimed to implement a narrative-based intervention to empower the subjective and psychological wellbeing of older adults living in nursing homes.

METHODS:

Twenty-one nursing-home residents took part in a narrative training experience consisting of three weekly interview sessions. During each interview, a psychologist helped the participants to construct an autobiographical narrative about their present life in the nursing home based on a Deconstruction-Reconstruction technique. Subjective and psychological wellbeing variables were assessed before and after the intervention.

RESULTS:

Subjective but not psychological wellbeing increased over the course of the intervention. The participants reported to appreciate the intervention.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although preliminary, the results suggest that brief narrative training based on narrative therapy can positively affect nursing-home residents' subjective wellbeing.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS:

Brief narrative interventions implementing deconstruction-reconstruction techniques are feasible for long-term care residents.

KEYWORDS:

Autobiographical narration; nursing home; older adults; psychological wellbeing; subjective well-being

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