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J Neurosci. 2018 Jan 24;38(4):787-802. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2864-16.2017. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

The Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Shp2 Regulates Oligodendrocyte Differentiation and Early Myelination and Contributes to Timely Remyelination.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, and.
2
Neuroscience Graduate Program and Medical Scientist Training Program, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045.
3
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, and Wendy.Macklin@ucdenver.edu.

Abstract

Shp2 is a nonreceptor protein tyrosine phosphatase that has been shown to influence neurogenesis, oligodendrogenesis, and oligodendrocyte differentiation. Furthermore, Shp2 is a known regulator of the Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin and ERK signaling pathways in multiple cellular contexts, including oligodendrocytes. Its role during later postnatal CNS development or in response to demyelination injury has not been examined. Based on the current studies, we hypothesize that Shp2 is a negative regulator of CNS myelination. Using transgenic mouse technology, we show that Shp2 is involved in oligodendrocyte differentiation and early myelination, but is not necessary for myelin maintenance. We also show that Shp2 regulates the timely differentiation of oligodendrocytes following lysolecithin-induced demyelination, although apparently normal remyelination occurs at a delayed time point. These data suggest that Shp2 is a relevant therapeutic target in demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT In the present study, we show that the protein phosphatase Shp2 is an important mediator of oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination, both during developmental myelination as well as during myelin regeneration. We provide important insight into the signaling mechanisms regulating myelination and propose that Shp2 acts as a transient brake to the developmental myelination process. Furthermore, we show that Shp2 regulates oligodendrocyte differentiation following demyelination and therefore has important therapeutic implications in diseases such as multiple sclerosis.

KEYWORDS:

Shp2; myelination; oligodendrocyte; remyelination

PMID:
29217681
PMCID:
PMC5783963
DOI:
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2864-16.2017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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