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Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2018 Feb;51(1):173-184. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2017.09.003.

Venous Malformations of the Head and Neck.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Oncology, Institut Roi Albert II, Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, University of Louvain, Avenue Hippocrate 10, 1200 Brussels, Belgium.
2
Human Molecular Genetics, de Duve Institute, University of Louvain, Avenue Hippocrate 74, 1200 Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: Miikka.Vikkula@uclouvain.be.
3
Human Molecular Genetics, de Duve Institute, University of Louvain, Avenue Hippocrate 74, 1200 Brussels, Belgium; Division of Plastic Surgery, Center for Vascular Anomalies, Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, University of Louvain, Avenue Hippocrate 10, 1200 Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

Venous malformations (VMs) of the head and neck arise from deficits in the development of venous network. Clinically, VMs are highly variable, from small and asymptomatic varicosities to massive cervicofacial lesions. Therapeutic approaches include surgery; laser photocoagulation; sclerotherapy; and, more recently, systemic targeted drugs. This article discusses the natural history, diagnosis, and management of VMs.

KEYWORDS:

Head and neck; Vascular malformation; Venous malformation

PMID:
29217061
DOI:
10.1016/j.otc.2017.09.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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