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BMC Womens Health. 2017 Dec 8;17(1):126. doi: 10.1186/s12905-017-0487-7.

Obesity associates with vasomotor symptoms in postmenopause but with physical symptoms in perimenopause: a cross-sectional study.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Center for Biomedical Sciences, Korea National Institute of Health, 187 Osongsaengmyeng 2-Ro, Osong-eup, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-Do, 28160, Republic of Korea.
2
Division of Rare Diseases, Center for Biomedical Sciences, Korea National Institute of Health, 187 Osongsaengmyeng 2-Ro, Osong-eup, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-Do, 28160, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Clinical Research Design and Evaluation, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
4
Departments of Epidemiology and Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA.
5
Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Center for Biomedical Sciences, Korea National Institute of Health, 187 Osongsaengmyeng 2-Ro, Osong-eup, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-Do, 28160, Republic of Korea. mdhypark@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Middle-aged women experience various menopausal symptoms during the menopause. These symptoms can affect their quality of life and health. Several epidemiological studies reported that obesity associates with menopausal symptoms. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the associations between obesity and multiple menopausal symptoms at different stages of menopause in middle-aged Korean women.

METHODS:

The study population included women aged 44-56 years who visited a tertiary referral hospital for medical check-ups between November 2012 and March 2013 and were free from serious illness, could comprehend a questionnaire. The Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL) questionnaire was used to assess the prevalence of menopausal symptoms. Overweight and obesity were defined as body mass index (BMI) of 23-24.9 and ≥25 kg/m2, respectively.

RESULTS:

Of the 2204 middle-aged women, 929 met the eligibility criteria. Of these, 533 (57.4%) and 396 (42.6%) were in perimenopause and postmenopause, respectively. In perimenopause, obese women were significantly more likely to have moderate/severe physical symptoms (MENQOL domain score ≥ 5) than normal or overweight women. In postmenopause, obese women were significantly more likely to have moderate/severe vasomotor symptoms. Multiple linear regression with adjustment for confounders showed that relative to normal weight, obesity in perimenopause and postmenopause associated independently with physical symptoms (beta coefficient = 0.35; P = 0.023) and vasomotor symptoms (beta coefficient = 0.68; P = 0.003), respectively. Overweight did not associate with menopausal symptoms. BMI did not associate significantly with psychosocial or sexual symptoms at either stage of menopause.

CONCLUSIONS:

Obese women had more frequent menopausal symptoms than normal or overweight women but the associated menopausal symptom differed depending on the menopausal stage. Further studies are required to confirm this result and identify the underlying mechanisms.

KEYWORDS:

Body mass index; Menopausal symptom; Menopause; Obesity

PMID:
29216853
PMCID:
PMC5721621
DOI:
10.1186/s12905-017-0487-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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