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Asian J Psychiatr. 2018 Feb;32:59-66. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2017.11.030. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Short term effects of brief need based psychoeducation on knowledge, self-stigma, and burden among siblings of persons with schizophrenia: A prospective controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Social Work, Christ University, Bengaluru, 560029, India. Electronic address: amarmsw@gmail.com.
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2E8 Canada.
3
Department of Psychiatric Social Work and the Schizophrenia Clinic, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, 560029, India.
4
Department of Psychiatry and the Schizophrenia Clinic, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, 560029, India.
5
Department of Biostatistics, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, 560029, India.

Abstract

Siblings of persons with schizophrenia are important in providing long-term social support to the patients. Interventions addressing their needs are very sparse. Hence, this study aimed at testing the short-term effects of brief need based psychoeducation on knowledge, self-stigma, and burden among siblings of persons with schizophrenia. In this prospective controlled open label trial, 80 siblings of persons with schizophrenia were allocated in equal numbers to the brief need based psychoeducation group and the treatment-as-usual group. The outcomes were measured at baseline, and after the first and third month post-intervention. RM-ANCOVA was conducted to test the effect of the brief psychoeducation on outcome scores. The groups were similar with respect to socio-demographic, clinical, and outcome scores at the baseline. There was a significant group×time interaction effect on knowledge (F=8.71; p<0.01; ηp2=0.14) and self-stigma scores (F=14.47; p<0.001; ηp2=0.21), wherein the brief psychoeducation group showed a significant increase in knowledge and reduction in self-stigma with medium effect size through baseline to the third month follow-up as compared to the treatment as usual group. We also observed a significant main effect of time; irrespective of the group allocation, there was a significant increase in the knowledge through baseline to third month follow-up (F=5.69; p=0.02; ηp2=0.09). No main or interaction effects of group and time were observed on burden. The findings suggest that brief need based psychoeducation may increase knowledge about the illness and reduce self-stigma. Further systematic studies are warranted to test this intervention for long-term effects.

KEYWORDS:

Brief psychoeducation; Burden; Knowledge; Schizophrenia; Self-stigma; Sibling

PMID:
29216608
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajp.2017.11.030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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