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J Korean Med Sci. 2018 Jan 1;33(1):e2. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e2.

Impacts of Return-to-Work Type and Period on Job Retention in Workers with Occupational Injuries and Diseases.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
2
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Preventive Medicine, Institute for Occupational Health, and Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4
Incheon Workers' Health Center, Incheon, Korea.
5
Incheon Workers' Health Center, Incheon, Korea. jhroh@yuhs.ac.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite the necessity of job retention in achieving return-to-work (RTW) goals, many workers leave their jobs after returning to work. The objective of this study was to examine the impacts of RTW type and period on job retention in Korean workers with occupational injuries and diseases.

METHODS:

Data were derived from the Panel Study of Worker's Compensation Insurance, including data from 2,000 systemically sampled workers who had finished recuperation in 2012; three waves of survey data were included in the analyses. Workers who returned to work (n = 1,610) were included in the analysis of the relationship between RTW type and job retention, and 664 workers who returned to their original workplaces were included in the analysis of the relationship between RTW period and job retention. The participants completed a questionnaire, and administrative data were provided by workers' compensation insurance.

RESULTS:

A Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis showed an increased hazard ratio (HR) for non-retention of 2.66 (95% confidence interval, 2.11-3.35) in reemployed workers compared to that in workers returning to their original workplaces. Among workers returning to their original workplaces, HRs for non-retention were increased in workers with a RTW period of 13-24 months (3.03 [1.52-6.04]) and > 24 months (5.33 [2.14-13.25]) compared to workers with a RTW period of ≤ 3 months.

CONCLUSION:

RTW type and period were significantly related to job retention, suggesting that policies for promoting job retention rate should be implemented.

KEYWORDS:

Occupational Diseases; Occupational Health; Occupational Injuries; Return-to-Work; Workers' Compensation; Workplace

PMID:
29215811
PMCID:
PMC5729637
DOI:
10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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