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Mol Biotechnol. 2018 Feb;60(2):83-91. doi: 10.1007/s12033-017-0051-6.

Cloning and Aggregation Characterization of Rubber Elongation Factor and Small Rubber Particle Protein from Ficus carica.

Author information

1
Department of Materials Science, Applied Chemistry Course, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Akita University, 1-1 Tegatagakuen-machi, Akita City, Akita, 010-8502, Japan.
2
Department of Engineering in Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering and Resource Science, Akita University, Akita, 010-8502, Japan.
3
Department of Applied Biology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto, 606-8585, Japan.
4
Department of Material and Biological Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Yamagata University, Yamagata, 990-8560, Japan.
5
Department of Materials Science, Applied Chemistry Course, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Akita University, 1-1 Tegatagakuen-machi, Akita City, Akita, 010-8502, Japan. tgotoh@gipc.akita-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

Rubber elongation factor (REF) and small rubber particle protein (SRPP) are major latex proteins harvested from Hevea brasiliensis (the rubber tree; HbREF and HbSRPP, respectively). Their amino acid sequences exhibit high homology with each other. In the present study, we cloned two cDNAs encoding REF/SRPP-family proteins (FcREF/SRPP-1 and -2) from the laticifers of Ficus carica (fig tree). The amino acid sequences of these proteins showed high homology not only with each other but also with HbREF and HbSRPP. Recombinant FcREF/SRPP-1 and -2 were expressed in E. coli, and their aggregation properties were examined using a Congo red binding assay, agarose gel electrophoresis, and transmission electron microscopy. FcREF/SRPP-1 formed fibrils when incubated in PBS, and grew to micrometer-sized amorphous aggregates that precipitated rapidly. These aggregation properties of FcREF/SRPP-1 are quite similar to those of HbREF, although the growth rate and size of FcREF/SRPP-1 aggregates were inferior to those of HbREF. FcREF/SRPP-2 also formed aggregates during the incubation, but they did not precipitate, as has been reported for HbSRPP. Our results suggest that FcREF/SRPP-1 and -2 correspond to HbREF and HbSRPP, respectively. These aggregation properties could provide useful benchmarks for classifying REF/SRPP-family proteins as REF or SRPP.

KEYWORDS:

Hevea brasiliensis; Natural rubber latex proteins; Protein aggregation; REF; SRPP

PMID:
29214498
DOI:
10.1007/s12033-017-0051-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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