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Gastrointest Endosc. 1989 Jan-Feb;35(1):37-40.

Acute gastritis occurring within 24 hours of severe head injury.

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Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Kentucky 40292.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early appearance and incidence of stress gastritis following severe head injury. We performed upper esophagogastroduodenoscopy in 44 patients within 24 hours of a head injury. All patients were comatose and required ventilatory support. Forty of the patients (91%) had gastritis at esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The lesions were distributed in the fundus and corpus of the stomach (77% of the patients), in the esophagus (30% of the patients), in the antrum (25% of the patients), and in the duodenum (7% of the patients). The grade of gastritis at esophagogastroduodenoscopy did not correlate with the severity of the head injury, the type of head injury sustained, the timing of esophagogastroduodenoscopy after head injury, or the presence of shock on admission. However, patients with grade III gastritis had a greater injury Severity Score than patients with grade 0 gastritis (normal mucosa). Gastroduodenal mucosal damage is common after severe head injury and occurs soon after the event.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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