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Ann Intern Med. 2018 Jan 16;168(2):100-109. doi: 10.7326/M17-1319. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Whole-Exome Sequencing in Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease: A Pilot Study.

Author information

1
From Columbia University, New York, New York; VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Nephrology Associates, Newark, Delaware; Krysiewicza Children's Hospital, Poznań, Poland; Poznań University of Medical Sciences and Center for Medical Genetics GENESIS, Poznań, Poland; IRCCS Giannina Gaslini Children's Hospital, Genova, Italy; IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy; New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York; University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas; and French Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM) U1163, Paris Descartes-Sorbonne Paris Cité University, Imagine Institute, and Necker Hospital, Paris, France.

Abstract

Background:

The utility of whole-exome sequencing (WES) for the diagnosis and management of adult-onset constitutional disorders has not been adequately studied. Genetic diagnostics may be advantageous in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD), in whom the cause of kidney failure often remains unknown.

Objective:

To study the diagnostic utility of WES in a selected referral population of adults with CKD.

Design:

Observational cohort.

Setting:

A major academic medical center.

Patients:

92 adults with CKD of unknown cause or familial nephropathy or hypertension.

Measurements:

The diagnostic yield of WES and its potential effect on clinical management.

Results:

Whole-exome sequencing provided a diagnosis in 22 of 92 patients (24%), including 9 probands with CKD of unknown cause and encompassing 13 distinct genetic disorders. Among these, loss-of-function mutations were identified in PARN in 2 probands with tubulointerstitial fibrosis. PARN mutations have been implicated in a short telomere syndrome characterized by lung, bone marrow, and liver fibrosis; these findings extend the phenotype of PARN mutations to renal fibrosis. In addition, review of the American College of Medical Genetics actionable genes identified a pathogenic BRCA2 mutation in a proband who was diagnosed with breast cancer on follow-up. The results affected clinical management in most identified cases, including initiation of targeted surveillance, familial screening to guide donor selection for transplantation, and changes in therapy.

Limitation:

The small sample size and recruitment at a tertiary care academic center limit generalizability of findings among the broader CKD population.

Conclusion:

Whole-exome sequencing identified diagnostic mutations in a substantial number of adults with CKD of many causes. Further study of the utility of WES in the evaluation and care of patients with CKD in additional settings is warranted.

Primary Funding Source:

New York State Empire Clinical Research Investigator Program, Renal Research Institute, and National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health.

PMID:
29204651
PMCID:
PMC5947852
DOI:
10.7326/M17-1319
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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