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Nat Cell Biol. 2018 Jan;20(1):36-45. doi: 10.1038/s41556-017-0001-3. Epub 2017 Dec 4.

A homeostatic apical microtubule network shortens cells for epithelial folding via a basal polarity shift.

Author information

1
Laboratory for Epithelial Morphogenesis, RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.
2
Laboratory for Epithelial Morphogenesis, RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan. ycwang@cdb.riken.jp.

Abstract

Epithelial folding is typically driven by localized actomyosin contractility. However, it remains unclear how epithelia deform when myosin levels are low and uniform. In the Drosophila gastrula, dorsal fold formation occurs despite a lack of localized myosin changes, while the fold-initiating cells reduce cell height following basal shifts of polarity via an unknown mechanism. We show that cell shortening depends on an apical microtubule network organized by the CAMSAP protein Patronin. Prior to gastrulation, microtubule forces generated by the minus-end motor dynein scaffold the apical cell cortex into a dome-like shape, while the severing enzyme Katanin facilitates network remodelling to ensure tissue-wide cell size homeostasis. During fold initiation, Patronin redistributes following basal polarity shifts in the initiating cells, apparently weakening the scaffolding forces to allow dome descent. The homeostatic network that ensures size/shape homogeneity is thus repurposed for cell shortening, linking epithelial polarity to folding via a microtubule-based mechanical mechanism.

PMID:
29203884
DOI:
10.1038/s41556-017-0001-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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