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Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Dec;96:936-943. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2017.11.149. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Procalcitonin: The marker of pediatric bacterial infection.

Author information

1
Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
Biotechnology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
4
Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
5
Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: Kafilhs@tbzmed.ac.ir.

Abstract

Timely recognition of systemic bacterial infections in pediatric care setting is the basis for effective treatment and control. This review provides an overview of procalcitonin (PCT) as an early marker for the detection of severe, invasive bacterial infection in children. Almost all articles on biochemical property and clinical studies in PubMed and Scopus databases regarding their use in pediatric infections and the use of PCT as a marker of bacterial infections were examined. Various methods and analyzers are currently available for the evaluation of PCT. Employment of PCT in the identification of neonatal bacterial infection is a complex process in some conditions. Age specific cut-off, underlying syndrome, and maternal antibiotics usage should be considered when PCT is to be applied in neonates. PCT might be false-negative in these conditions. However, if used appropriately, it can lead to a higher specificity than other immunologic markers. Due to its correlation with the severity of infection, PCT can consequently be used as a prognostic indicator especially for sepsis and urinary tract infection. It is, therefore, a practical supplementary means for the identification of bacterial infections in pediatric health settings.

KEYWORDS:

Bacteria; Immunologic marker; Pediatric infection; Procalcitonin; Sepsis

PMID:
29203386
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopha.2017.11.149
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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