Send to

Choose Destination
Living Rev Relativ. 2017;20(1):5. doi: 10.1007/s41114-017-0007-y. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

Dynamical boson stars.

Author information

Long Island University, Brookville, NY 11548 USA.
Universitat de les Illes Balears, 07122 Palma de Mallorca, Baleares Spain.


The idea of stable, localized bundles of energy has strong appeal as a model for particles. In the 1950s, John Wheeler envisioned such bundles as smooth configurations of electromagnetic energy that he called geons, but none were found. Instead, particle-like solutions were found in the late 1960s with the addition of a scalar field, and these were given the name boson stars. Since then, boson stars find use in a wide variety of models as sources of dark matter, as black hole mimickers, in simple models of binary systems, and as a tool in finding black holes in higher dimensions with only a single Killing vector. We discuss important varieties of boson stars, their dynamic properties, and some of their uses, concentrating on recent efforts.


Boson stars; Numerical relativity; Solitons

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center