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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989 Feb 15;158(3):1005-12.

Na-Ca exchanger as a calcium influx pathway in adrenal glomerulosa cells.

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Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Japan.


When aequorin-loaded glomerulosa cells were incubated in isotonic Na2+-free medium containing N-methyl-D-glucamine instead of NaCl, there was an increase in cytoplasmic free calcium concentration, [Ca2+] c, which was not observed when extracellular calcium concentration was reduced to 1 microM. Upon removal of extracellular sodium, there was nearly five-fold increase in fractional efflux ratio of calcium. The reduction of extracellular sodium resulted in a stimulation of calcium influx rate, the magnitude of which was dependent on extracellular sodium concentration. Similar stimulation of calcium influx was observed when extracellular sodium was replaced with lithium. Nitrendipine did not affect the calcium influx induced by the reduction of extracellular sodium while a derivative of amiloride 3',4'-dichlorobenzamil, which inhibits Na-Ca exchange, attenuated calcium influx observed in sodium-free medium. These results indicate that removal of extracellular sodium leads to an increase in [Ca2+] c by stimulating calcium influx and that calcium enters the cell via Na-Ca exchanger.

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