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Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018 Mar;30(3):296-301. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0000000000001032.

Impact of sustained virologic response on short-term clinical outcomes in hepatitis C-related cirrhosis.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine.
2
Department of Digestive Disease and Nutrition.
3
Department of Gastroenterology, College of Medicine, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA.
4
Department of Statistics, College of Public Health.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a common cause of cirrhosis, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Treatment of the underlying etiology has been shown to improve fibrosis and cirrhosis.

AIM:

We sought to evaluate the impact of a sustained virologic response on liver chemistries, model for end stage liver disease (MELD) score, Child-Pugh-Turcotte score (CPT), and fibrosis 4 score (FIB4) in patients with liver cirrhosis secondary to HCV with portal hypertension, with or without decompensation.

METHODS:

Patients with HCV seen in our transplant clinic between June 2013 and September 2015 were identified using ICD-9 code 573.3. Charts were reviewed retrospectively.

RESULTS:

We collected data from 92 patients with a mean pretreatment MELD score of 9.16±2.98. The most common genotype was Ia, n=79 (86%). The mean duration of follow-up was 7.52±2.25 months. Transaminitis improved significantly at follow-up versus pretreatment [mean aspartate transaminase from 81.2±62.9 to 32.4±12.0 (P<0.0001); alanine transaminase 74.7±77.8 to 27.7±19.4 (P<0.0001)]. Albumin, bilirubin, and α-fetoprotein improved significantly. MELD scores improved in patients with pretreatment scores greater than 10 (P<0.0003), but not in patients with pretreatment scores less than 10 (P=0.501). The CPT score decreased from 6.1±0.9 to 5.8±0.9 (P<0.0024). The FIB4 score improved significantly in patients with baseline FIB4 more than 3.24, but not with higher baseline FIB4.

CONCLUSION:

Use of direct antivirals in patients with decompensated cirrhosis because of HCV leads to improved MELD, FIB4, and CPT scores.

PMID:
29200006
DOI:
10.1097/MEG.0000000000001032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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