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Am J Cardiol. 2018 Feb 1;121(3):294-300. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2017.10.030. Epub 2017 Nov 3.

Electrocardiographic Findings in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Presenting With Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Author information

1
St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
2
St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Canadian Heart Research Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
3
Concord Hospital, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
4
Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.
5
Department of Cardiology, Grochowski Hospital, Warsaw, Poland.
6
Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
7
McGill University Health Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada.
8
Canadian Heart Research Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
9
Women's College Hospital, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
10
Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.
11
St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: yana@smh.ca.

Abstract

We sought to characterize presenting electrocardiographic findings in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). In the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events and Canadian ACS Registry I, we examined presenting and 24- to 48-hour follow-up ECGs (electrocardiogram) of ACS patients who survived to hospital admission, stratified by presentation with OHCA. We assessed the prevalence of ST-segment deviation and bundle branch blocks (assessed by an independent ECG core laboratory) and their association with in-hospital and 6-month mortality among those with OHCA. Of the 12,040 ACS patients, 215 (1.8%) survived to hospital admission after OHCA. Those with OHCA had higher presenting rates of ST-segment elevation, ST-segment depression, T-wave inversion, precordial Q-waves, left bundle branch block (LBBB), and right bundle branch block (RBBB) than those without. Among patients with OHCA, those with ST-segment elevation had significantly lower in-hospital mortality (20.9% vs 33.0%, p = 0.044) and a trend toward lower 6-month mortality (27% vs 39%, p = 0.060) compared with those without ST-segment elevation. Conversely, among OCHA patients, LBBB was associated with significantly higher in-hospital and 6-month mortality rates (58% vs 22%, p <0.001, and 65% vs 28%, p <0.001, respectively). ST-segment depression and RBBB were not associated with either outcome. Sixty-three percent of bundle branch blocks (RBBB or LBBB) on the presenting ECG resolved by 24 to 48 hours. In conclusion, compared with ACS patients without cardiac arrest, those with OHCA had higher rates of ST-segment elevation, LBBB, and RBBB on admission. Among OHCA patients, ST-segment elevation was associated with lower in-hospital mortality, whereas LBBB was associated with higher in-hospital and 6-month mortality.

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