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Am J Surg Pathol. 1989 Mar;13(3):225-36.

Renal parenchymal malakoplakia. Histologic spectrum and its relationship to megalocytic interstitial nephritis and xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis.

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Department of Pathology, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence 02903.


We report five cases of renal parenchymal malakoplakia. They represent a histologic spectrum of this uncommon inflammatory process as it involves the renal parenchyma. Only one of these five cases presented the classical histologic picture of malakoplakia ("diagnostic stage"). Two cases--although with similar cellular infiltrate--had a marked paucity of Michaelis-Gutmann bodies and thus might have been classified as megalocytic interstitial nephritis were it not for the identification of such calcific intracellular inclusions under the electron microscope. The fourth case presented a pseudosarcomatous morphology and is similar to what has been described as a late or fibrous stage in malakoplakia of the urinary bladder. The last case had a destructive, frankly granulomatous histologic picture with a preponderance of foamy histiocytes reminiscent of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, but with clusters of von Kossa-positive Michaelis-Gutmann bodies. The last two forms of the disease have not been previously reported to occur in the kidney. We believe that these cases represent various stages of development of the disease.

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