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FASEB J. 2018 Apr;32(4):1993-2003. doi: 10.1096/fj.201700934R. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

Nutritional regimens with periodically recurring phases of dietary restriction extend lifespan in Drosophila.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Physiology, Institute of Zoology, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany.
2
Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany.
3
German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Airway Research Center North (ARCN), Grosshansdorf, Germany.

Abstract

Nutritional interventions such as caloric and dietary restriction increase lifespan in various animal models. To identify alternative and less demanding nutritional interventions that extend lifespan, we subjected fruit flies ( Drosophila melanogaster) to weekly nutritional regimens that involved alternating a conventional diet with dietary restriction. Short periods of dietary restriction (up to 2 d) followed by longer periods of a conventional diet yielded minimal increases in lifespan. We found that 3 or more days of contiguous dietary restriction (DR) was necessary to yield a lifespan extension similar to that observed with persistent DR. Female flies were more responsive to these interventions than males. Physiologic changes known to be associated with prolonged DR, such as reduced metabolic rates, showed the same time course as lifespan extension. Moreover, concurrent transcriptional changes indicative of reduced insulin signaling were identified with DR. These physiologic and transcriptional changes were sustained, as they were detectable several days after switching to conventional diets. Taken together, diets with longer periods of DR extended lifespan concurrently with physiologic and transcriptional changes that may underlie this increase in lifespan.-Romey-Glüsing, R., Li, Y., Hoffmann, J., von Frieling, J., Knop, M., Pfefferkorn, R., Bruchhaus, I., Fink, C., Roeder, T. Nutritional regimens with periodically recurring phases of dietary restriction extend lifespan in Drosophila.

KEYWORDS:

impl2; insulin; lifespan extension; metabolic rate; sex differences

PMID:
29196499
DOI:
10.1096/fj.201700934R
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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