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J Health Psychol. 2017 Nov 1:1359105317743803. doi: 10.1177/1359105317743803. [Epub ahead of print]

Suicide clusters among young Kenyan men.

Author information

1
1 The University of Texas Medical Branch, USA.
2
2 Duke University, USA.
3
3 Maua Methodist Hospital, Kenya.

Abstract

Suicide is a leading cause of global mortality. Suicide clusters have recently been identified among peer networks in high-income countries. This study investigates dynamics of suicide clustering within social networks of young Kenya men ( n = 532; 18-34 years). We found a strong, statistically significant association between reported number of friends who previously attempted suicide and present suicide ideation (odds ratio = 1.9; 95% confidence interval (1.42, 2.54); p < 0.001). This association was mediated by lower collective self-esteem (23% of total effect). Meaning in life further mediated the association between collective self-esteem and suicide ideation. Survivors of peer suicide should be evaluated for suicide risk.

KEYWORDS:

Kenya; collective self-esteem; meaning in life; social cluster; suicide ideation; young men

PMID:
29192523
DOI:
10.1177/1359105317743803

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