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J Orthop Surg Res. 2017 Dec 1;12(1):185. doi: 10.1186/s13018-017-0688-7.

Modified pedicle screw-rod fixation versus anterior pelvic external fixation for the management of anterior pelvic ring fractures: a comparative study.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics Trauma, Trauma Center, Shanghai General Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 650 Xin Songjiang Road, Shanghai, 201620, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Orthopedics Trauma, Trauma Center, Shanghai General Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 650 Xin Songjiang Road, Shanghai, 201620, People's Republic of China. drwangjiandong@yahoo.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Anterior pelvic ring fracture, as high-energy trauma, needs to be effectively treated. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the clinical applications of modified pedicle screw-rod fixation and anterior pelvic external fixation for the treatment of anterior pelvic ring fracture.

METHODS:

Either modified pedicle screw-rod fixation (modified PSRF group, N = 21) or anterior pelvic external fixation (APEF group, N = 22) was performed to 43 patients, with or without fixation of posterior ring. Clinical outcomes were evaluated via Majeed scores. Relevant clinical evaluation indicators including operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization duration, and complications were compared between these two groups.

RESULTS:

The operation time in APEF group was significantly less than that in modified PSRF group (P < 0.0001). No significant difference with respect to intraoperative blood loss and hospitalization duration between the two groups was shown (P = 0.51 and P = 0.33, respectively). Six patients developed surgical site infection in APEF group. Three patients experienced loss of fixation, and two patients experienced loosening of fixator in APEF group. Temporary lateral femoral cutaneous nerve irritation occurred in three patients in modified PSRF group while two patients in APEF group. One patient experienced femoral nerve palsy in modified PSRF group. Fractures of all patients healed well eventually. No statistical difference regarding Majeed evaluation scores was found between two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Application of both modified PSRF and APEF could provide similar satisfactory clinical outcomes for anterior pelvic ring fracture. Modified PSRF, a minimally invasive technique with the advantages of internal fixation, could be performed as an alternative method for instable pelvic fractures.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

Research Registry UIN: researchregistry 2776 .

KEYWORDS:

Anterior ring; External fixation; Modified pedicle screw-rod fixation; Pelvic fracture

PMID:
29191213
PMCID:
PMC5709973
DOI:
10.1186/s13018-017-0688-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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