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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2017 Nov-Dec;55(6):720-724.

[C677T-SNP of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene and breast cancer in Mexican women].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Instituto de Medicina Forense, Universidad Veracruzana, Boca del Río, Veracruz dendrite13@gmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Low-penetrance susceptibility genes such as 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) have been considered in the progression of breast cancer (BC). Cancer is a result of genetic, environmental and epigenetic interactions; therefore, these genes should be studied in environmental context, because the results can vary between populations and even within the same country. The objective was to analyze the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the MTHFR C667T SNP in Mexican Mestizo patients with BC and controls from Northeastern Mexico.

METHODS:

243 patients and 118 healthy women were studied. The analysis of the polymorphism was performed with a DNA microarray. Once the frequency of the polymorphism was obtained, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium test was carried out for the genotypes. Chi square test was used to compare the distribution of frequencies.

RESULTS:

The allele frequency in patients was: C = 0.5406; T = 0.4594 and in controls C = 0.5678, T = 0.4322. Genotype in BC patients was: C / C = 29.9%, C / T = 48.3% and T / T = 21.8. The distribution in controls was: C / C = 31.4%, C / T = 50.8%, T / T = 17.8% (chi squared 0.77, p = 0.6801).

CONCLUSIONS:

Northeastern Mexican women in this study showed no association between MTFHR C667T SNP and the risk of BC. It seems that the contribution of this polymorphism to BC in Mexico varies depending on various factors, both genetic and environmental.

KEYWORDS:

Mexico; Penetrance; Women; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Breast Neoplasms

PMID:
29190865
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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