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PLoS One. 2017 Nov 30;12(11):e0188650. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188650. eCollection 2017.

Relative muscle mass and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes: A cohort study.

Hong S1, Chang Y1,2,3, Jung HS1, Yun KE1, Shin H1,4, Ryu S1,2,3.

Author information

1
Center for Cohort Studies, Total Healthcare Center, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Clinical Research Design & Evaluation, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea.
4
Department of Family Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

AIMS:

The association between relative muscle mass (RMM) and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is largely unknown. We examined whether RMM predicted development of T2DM in an apparently young healthy population.

METHODS:

This cohort study was comprised of 113,913 men and 89,854 women, free of T2DM at baseline, who underwent a health checkup examination and were followed-up annually or biennially for an average of 2.9 years. We used skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) as an indicator of RMM. SMI (%) [total skeletal muscle mass (kg)/body weight (kg)×100] was estimated using a bioelectrical impedance analyzer. The study outcome was incident T2DM, defined as fasting serum glucose ≥126 mg/dL, HbA1C ≥6.5%, or use of medication for T2DM.

RESULTS:

During 589,098.8 person-years of follow-up, 4,264 individuals developed T2DM (incidence rate, 7.2 per 1000 person-years). Median age (range) at baseline was 39.1 years (18.1-87.1). RMM was negatively associated with incidence of T2DM in a dose-response manner. The multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios (95% CIs) for incident T2DM comparing quartiles 3, 2 and 1 of RMM to the highest quartile were 1.32 (1.14-1.52), 1.63 (1.42-1.86), and 2.21 (1.94-2.51), respectively, for males and 1.18 (0.88-1.58), 1.46 (1.11-1.91), and 1.96 (01.51-2.53) for females (P for trend <0.001; 0.011). This association was stronger in younger or premenopausal subjects.

CONCLUSIONS:

RMM was negatively associated with development of T2DM in a large sample of young and middle-aged Korean adults. Further research is required to determine whether preservation of muscle mass through intervention affects the risk of T2DM.

PMID:
29190709
PMCID:
PMC5708784
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0188650
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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