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Ophthalmology. 1989 Jan;96(1):133-7.

Strabismus in infancy.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Indiana University, Indianapolis.


In order to prospectively study the development of strabismus in infancy, the ocular alignment of a large population of normal neonates was studied and follow-up examinations were obtained in a subset of these infants. The characteristic findings of congenital esotropia subsequently developed in three infants who were either orthotropic or exotropic at birth. Pathologic exotropia developed in two infants; both were exotropic at birth, but no more so than most normal neonates. In infants with congenital esotropia or pathologic exotropia, the characteristic deviation appears to develop between 2 and 4 months of age, a period during which normal infants are becoming increasingly orthotropic.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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