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Infant Behav Dev. 2018 Feb;50:78-87. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2017.11.005. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

The influence of the number of toys in the environment on toddlers' play.

Author information

1
The University of Toledo, Occupational Therapy Doctoral Program, 2801 W. Bancroft, MS 119, Toledo, OH 43606, United States.
2
The University of Toledo, Occupational Therapy Doctoral Program, 2801 W. Bancroft, MS 119, Toledo, OH 43606, United States. Electronic address: alexia.metz@utoledo.edu.

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that an environment with fewer toys will lead to higher quality of play for toddlers. Each participant (n=36) engaged in supervised, individual free play sessions under two conditions: Four Toy and Sixteen Toy. With fewer toys, participants had fewer incidences of toy play, longer durations of toy play, and played with toys in a greater variety of ways (Z=-4.448, p<0.001, r=-0.524; Z=2.828, p=0.005, r=0.333; and Z=4.676, p<0.001, r=0.55, respectively). This suggests that when provided with fewer toys in the environment, toddlers engage in longer periods of play with a single toy, allowing better focus to explore and play more creatively. This can be offered as a recommendation in many natural environments to support children's development and promote healthy play.

PMID:
29190457
DOI:
10.1016/j.infbeh.2017.11.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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