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Rev Med Chil. 2017 Aug;145(8):996-1004. doi: 10.4067/s0034-98872017000800996.

[Risk factors associated with hypertension. Analysis of the 2009-2010 Chilean health survey].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile.
2
Instituto de Farmacia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.
3
Instituto de Anatomía, Histología y Patología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.
4
Escuela de Educación Física, Universidad San Sebastián, Concepción, Chile.
5
Escuela de Kinesiología, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Valdivia, Chile.
6
Departamento de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad del Biobío, Chillán, Chile.
7
Departamento de Educación Física, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile.
8
BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

High blood pressure is one of the major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease, affecting 27% of the Chilean population in 2010.

AIM:

To determine the risk factors associated with the development of hypertension.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Analysis of the database of the 2009-2010 National Health Survey in which 4,901 participants were included. Socio-demographic factors, physical activity, eating habits, well-being and comorbidities were analyzed.

RESULTS:

Women had a lower risk of developing hypertension than men (Odds ratio (OR): 0.69, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.59-0.81, p < 0.01). In both men and women, the risk is greater over the age of 25 years (OR: 2.90, 95% CI: 1.55-5.43, p < 0.01). The risk is greater in subjects who were overweight (OR: 1.61, 95% CI: 1.31-1.98, p < 0.01), obese (OR: 3.18, 95% CI: 2.56-3.95, p < 0.01), or had central obesity (OR: 2.25, 95% CI: 1.85-2.72, p < 0.01). Subjects with a family history of hypertension and diabetes also have a higher risk.

CONCLUSIONS:

Identifying the risk factors associated with hypertension allows public health policies to be tailored to its prevention.

PMID:
29189857
DOI:
10.4067/s0034-98872017000800996
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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