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Clin J Sport Med. 2017 Nov 16. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000516. [Epub ahead of print]

A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial Comparing Conservative Treatment With Trunk Stabilization Exercise to Standard Hip Muscle Exercise for Treating Femoroacetabular Impingement: A Pilot Study.

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AR-Ex Medical Group, Tokyo Arthroscopy Center, Tokyo, Japan.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wakamatsu Hospital, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.
DISC Sports and Spine, Marina Del Rey, California.



To assess the efficacy of conservative management of women with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) using trunk stabilization.


Randomized controlled trial (level of evidence: I).


Twenty FAI female patients who met the inclusion FAI criteria.


A prospective, randomized, controlled study was performed on 20 female patients with symptomatic FAI comprising 2 groups (10 hips in trunk stabilization exercise group vs 10 hips in control group). We evaluated hip range of motion, isometric muscle strength using a handheld dynamometer (μ-TasMF-01; Anima, Co), and patient-reported outcome measures, including modified Harris hip score, Vail hip score, and international hip outcome tool 12 (iHOT12) before and at 4 weeks and 8 weeks after the intervention.


There was a significant improvement in the range of motion of hip flexion in the trunk training group detected as early as 4 weeks after the intervention compared with the control group (P < 0.05). Hip abductor strength significantly improved in the trunk training group at 4 weeks after the intervention, whereas it did not improve in the control group (P < 0.05). Vail hip score and iHOT12 were significantly increased at 8 weeks after the intervention in the trunk training group compared with the control group (iHOT12: 78.7 ± 22.4 vs 53.0 ± 22.3; P < 0.01, Vail hip score: 81.6 ± 18.5 vs 61.1 ± 11.6; P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the modified Harris hip score between both the groups at 4 and 8 weeks after the intervention.


The addition of trunk stabilization exercise to a typical hip rehabilitation protocol improves short-term clinical outcomes and may augment nonoperative and postoperative rehabilitation.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License 4.0 (CCBY-NC), where it is permissible to download, share, remix, transform, and buildup the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be used commercially without permission from the journal.

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