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Rev Med Chil. 2017 Jul;145(7):845-853. doi: 10.4067/s0034-98872017000700845.

[Effects of high-intensity interval training and nutritional education in patients with type 2 diabetes].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Centro Comunitario de Rehabilitación, Padre las Casas, Chile.
2
Laboratorio de Fisiología y Biomecánica, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Temuco, Chile.
3
Departamento de Ciencias de la Actividad Física, Universidad de Los Lagos, Osorno, Chile.
4
Unidad de Medicina Interna, Hospital Dr. Hernán Henríquez Aravena, Temuco, Chile.
5
Centro de Salud Familiar las Colinas, Padre las Casas, Chile.
6
Escuela de Kinesiología, Instituto de Aparato Locomotor y Rehabilitación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.
7
Grupo IRyS. Escuela de Educación Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Chile.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves cardiometabolic markers, but its effects on the quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is not well known.

AIM:

To determine the effects of a 12-week HIIT exercise program on cardiometabolic and quality of life variables of T2D patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Nine T2D women were assigned to a HIIT + nutritional education (GE) and 10, to a nutritional education alone group (GC). At baseline and after each intervention, anthropometric and body composition parameters using bio-impedance were assessed, and a blood sample was obtained to measure serum lipid levels, blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin. Quality of life was assessed using the SF-12 questionnaire adapted for the Chilean population.

RESULTS:

There were no significant changes on the lipid profile variables in the GE group, although HDL cholesterol was increased significantly (p < 0.05) in the GC group. Total fat mass was decreased in the GE group from 43.5 ± 1.5 to 41.9 ± 1.5%, p < 0.01. Fasting glucose and glycated hemoglobin decreased in the GE group. There was a significant correlation between the decrease in total fat mass and that of glycated hemoglobin. There were significant increases in quality of life parameters; physical function, physical role, pain, general health, vitality, emotional role, mental health, and social function in the GE but not in the GC group.

CONCLUSIONS:

A 12-week program of HIIT plus nutritional education improves cardiometabolic and quality of life parameters on type 2 diabetics.

PMID:
29182192
DOI:
10.4067/s0034-98872017000700845
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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