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Clin Exp Hypertens. 2018;40(1):32-38. doi: 10.1080/10641963.2017.1291659. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Association of ACE gene A2350G and I/D polymorphisms with essential hypertension in the northernmost province of China.

Author information

1
a Department of Epidemiology, Public Health School , Harbin Medicial University , Heilongjiang , China.
2
b Institute of Polygenic Disease, Qiqihar Medical University , Qiqihar , Heilongjiang , China.
3
c Department of Biochemistry , Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College , Beijing , China.

Abstract

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene, as a strong candidate gene for essential hypertension(EH), has been extensively studied. In this study, we carried out a population-based case-control study to explore whether ACE gene I/D and A2350G polymorphisms could consider to be risk factors for EH. A total of 2040 subjeces were recruited from Chinese Han in this study, out of which 1010 were cases and 1030 were normotensive individuals. ACE gene A2350G and I/D polymorphisms were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and A2350G polymorphism was detected after restriction enzyme digestion with BstuI. Besides, we choosed 10% samples randomly sequencing to verify the accuracy of results. Genotype and allele frequencies distribution of I/D and A2350G in EH and control groups were significantly different. After grouped by sex or age, there were still statistical significances for two polymorphisms. In dominant and recessive model of A2350G, we found significant differences between two groups, respectively. For ACE I/D polymorphism, we observed that the existence of dramatical difference in dominant model between two groups, while in recessive model, marginally significant difference was found. Among the four haplotypes composed by ACE gene A2350G and I/D, haplotype G-D reached the statistical significance in two groups, and exhibited to be a risk factor for the development of EH, whose P < 0.001 and OR 95%CI = 1.639(1.435-1.872), while the other haplotypes were the protective factors and decreased the susceptibility to EH(P < 0.05). ACE gene A2350G and I/D polymorphisms were associated with increasing the risk of suffering from EH in the northernmost province of China individuals, with D allele and G allele individuals had a higher risk of EH(OR = 1.443, 95%CI = 1.273-1.636 and OR = 1.481, 95%CI = 1.303-1.684).

KEYWORDS:

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene; essential hypertension; northernmost province of China; polymorphisms

PMID:
29172745
DOI:
10.1080/10641963.2017.1291659
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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