Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Nutr Biochem. 2018 Feb;52:62-69. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2017.10.003. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Cholesterol-lowering effects of dietary pomegranate extract and inulin in mice fed an obesogenic diet.

Author information

1
Center for Human Nutrition, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095.
2
Center for Human Nutrition, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095. Electronic address: Zli@mednet.ucla.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It has been demonstrated in animal studies that both polyphenol-rich pomegranate extract (PomX) and the polysaccharide inulin, ameliorate metabolic changes induced by a high-fat diet, but little is known about the specific mechanisms.

OBJECTIVE:

This study evaluated the effect of PomX (0.25%) and inulin (9%) alone or in combination on cholesterol and lipid metabolism in mice.

METHODS:

Male C57BL/6 J mice were fed high-fat/high-sucrose [HF/HS (32% energy from fat, 25% energy from sucrose)] diets supplemented with PomX (0.25%) and inulin (9%) alone or in combination for 4 weeks. At the end of intervention, serum and hepatic cholesterol, triglyceride levels, hepatic gene expression of key regulators of cholesterol and lipid metabolism as well as fecal cholesterol and bile acid excretion were determined.

RESULTS:

Dietary supplementation of the HF/HS diet with PomX and inulin decreased hepatic and serum total cholesterol. Supplementation with PomX and inulin together resulted in lower hepatic and serum total cholesterol compared to individual treatments. Compared to HF/HS control, PomX increased gene expression of Cyp7a1 and Cyp7b1, key regulators of bile acid synthesis pathways. Inulin decreased gene expression of key regulators of cholesterol de novo synthesis Srebf2 and Hmgcr and significantly increased fecal elimination of total bile acids and neutral sterols. Only PomX in combination with inulin reduced liver and lipid weight significantly compared to the HF/HS control group. PomX showed a trend to decrease liver triglyceride (TG) levels, while inulin or PomX-inulin combination had no effect on either serum or liver TG levels.

CONCLUSION:

Dietary PomX and inulin supplementation decreased hepatic and serum total cholesterol by different mechanisms and the combination leading to a significant enhancement of the cholesterol-lowering effect.

KEYWORDS:

5α-cholestane (PubChem CID: 2723895); Ellagic acid (PubChem CID: 5281855); bile acid synthesis; chenodeoxycholic acid (PubChem CID: 10133); cholestanol (PubChem CID: 6665); cholesterol (PubChem CID: 5997); cholesterol biosynthesis; cholic acid (PubChem CID: 221493); coprostanol (PubChem CID: 221122); deoxycholic acid (PubChem CID: 222528); dietary intervention; fecal excretion of steroids; lithocholic acid (PubChem CID: 9903); mouse

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center