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Neurol Sci. 2018 Feb;39(2):333-339. doi: 10.1007/s10072-017-3192-2. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

MYH7 mutation associated with two phenotypes of myopathy.

Author information

1
Department of Neuromuscular Disorders, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, No 139 Road Zi qiang, Shijiazhuang, 050051, China.
2
Department of Neuromuscular Disorders, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, No 139 Road Zi qiang, Shijiazhuang, 050051, China. Jinghu5510@163.com.

Abstract

The mutations of MYH7 (slow skeletal/β-cardiac myosin heavy chain) are commonly found in familial hypertrophic/dilated cardiomyopathy, and also can cause Laing early-onset distal myopathy (LDM), myosin storage myopathy (MSM), and congenital myopathy with fiber-type disproportion (CFTD). Here we report two cases whose diagnosis was hereditary myopathy according to clinical feature and muscle pathology analysis. High-throughput genomic sequencing (next generation sequencing) was performed to validate the diagnosis. Two MYH7 mutations, p.R1845W and p.E1687del, were identified. p.R1845W was found in a male patient showing weakness of both terminal lower legs without foot drop. Muscle pathology stainings characteristically showed the hyaline body in the intracytoplasmic location. The novel mutation p.E1687del was found in a family with seven patients. The proband showed foot drop, scoliosis, and winged scapula, while his mother only showed mild foot drop and winged scapula. Muscle pathology analysis showed congenital centronucleus myopathy. Both cases only showed muscular disorder and had no cardiomyopathy. This study, for the first time, reports the MYH7 mutations associated with centronucleus myopathy.

KEYWORDS:

MYH7; Muscle; Myopathy; Next generation sequencing (NGS); Pathogenesis

PMID:
29170849
DOI:
10.1007/s10072-017-3192-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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