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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2018 Jan 1;495(1):947-953. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.11.121. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Long non-coding RNA LUCAT1 modulates methotrexate resistance in osteosarcoma via miR-200c/ABCB1 axis.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedic, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin 300211, China. Electronic address: hanzhe_doctor@yeah.net.
2
Department of Microbiology, Basic Medical College, Tianjin Medical University, No. 22, Qixiangtai Road, Heping District, Tianjin 300070, China. Electronic address: sly.good@126.com.

Abstract

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been verified to participate in the tumorigenesis of multiple cancers. Nevertheless, the deepgoing role molecular mechanisms of lncRNAs on osteosarcoma chemoresistance remain unclear. In present study, we investigate the function of lncRNA LUCAT1 on osteosarcoma methotrexate (MTX) resistant phenotype and discover the potential regulatory mechanism. Results showed that LUCAT1 was up-regulated in MTX-resistant cells (MG63/MTX, HOS/MTX) compared to that in parental cells. LncRNA LUCAT1 and ABCB1 protein expression levels were both up-regulated when induced by different concentration of methotrexate. In vitro and vivo, LUCAT1 knockdown decreased the expression levels drug resistance related genes (MDR1, MRP5, LRP1), proliferation, invasion and tumor growth of osteosarcoma cells. Bioinformatics tools and luciferase assay reveled that miR-200c both targeted the 3'-UTR of LUCAT1 and ABCB1 mRNA, suggesting the modulation of LUCAT1 on ABCB1 through sponging miR-200c. Rescue experiments confirmed the combined role of LUCAT1, miR-200c and ABCB1 on osteosarcoma proliferation, invasion and methotrexate resistance. Overall, results indicate the vital role of LUCAT1 in the methotrexate resistance regulation through miR-200c/ABCB1 pathway, providing a novel insight and treatment strategy for osteosarcoma drug resistance.

KEYWORDS:

ABCB1; LUCAT1; Methotrexate resistance; Osteosarcoma; miR-200c

PMID:
29170124
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.11.121
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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