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Explore (NY). 2018 Jan - Feb;14(1):76-85. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2017.08.003. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Mind-Matter Interactions and the Frontal Lobes of the Brain: A Novel Neurobiological Model of Psi Inhibition.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine (Neurology) and Sam and Ida Ross Memory Clinic, Baycrest Health Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine (Neurology), Mt. Sinai Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Health Sciences, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada. Electronic address: mfreedman@baycrest.org.
2
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Health Sciences, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
3
LC Campbell Cognitive Neurology Research Unit and Hurvitz Brain Science Research Program, Sunnybrook Research Institute, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada.
4
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Health Sciences, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
5
Department of Neuroscience, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 5, 35128 Padova, Italy; Fondazione Ospedale San Camillo, IRCCS, Lido-Venice, Italy.
6
Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada.
7
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Health Sciences, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada; Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
8
Department of Neurology, Case Western Reserve University, 2895 Carlton Road, Shaker Heights, Ohio 44122; Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
9
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Health Sciences, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada; Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
10
Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Krembil Research Institute, University Health Network and Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8, Canada.
11
Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada.
12
Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Health Sciences, 3560 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada; LC Campbell Cognitive Neurology Research Unit and Hurvitz Brain Science Research Program, Sunnybrook Research Institute, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada; Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Despite a large literature on psi, which encompasses a range of experiences including putative telepathy (mind-mind connections), clairvoyance (perceiving distant objects or events), precognition (perceiving future events), and mind-matter interactions, there has been insufficient focus on the brain in relation to this controversial phenomenon. In contrast, our research is based on a novel neurobiological model suggesting that frontal brain systems act as a filter to inhibit psi and that the inhibitory mechanisms may relate to self-awareness.

OBJECTIVE:

To identify frontal brain regions that may inhibit psi.

DESIGN:

We used mind-matter interactions to study psi in two participants with frontal lobe damage. The experimental task was to influence numerical output of a Random Event Generator translated into movement of an arrow on a computer screen to the right or left. Brain MRI was analyzed to determine frontal volume loss.

RESULTS:

The primary area of lesion overlap between the participants was in the left medial middle frontal region, an area related to self-awareness, and involved Brodmann areas 9, 10, and 32. Both participants showed a significant effect in moving the arrow to the right, i.e., contralateral to the side of primary lesion overlap. Effect sizes were much larger compared to normal participants.

CONCLUSIONS:

The medial frontal lobes may act as a biological filter to inhibit psi through mechanisms related to self-awareness. Neurobiological studies with a focus on the brain may open new avenues of research on psi and may significantly advance the state of this poorly understood field.

KEYWORDS:

anomalous cognition; frontal lobes; mind–matter interactions; parapsychology; psi filter; self-awareness

PMID:
29169779
DOI:
10.1016/j.explore.2017.08.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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