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Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2018 Jan;74(1):114-120. doi: 10.1007/s00244-017-0453-2. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

How Does Oyster Shell Immobilize Cadmium?

Author information

1
Department of Life Science and Environmental Biochemistry, Pusan National University, Miryang, 50463, South Korea.
2
National Academy of Agricultural Science, Wanju-gun, 55365, South Korea.
3
North Central Sun Grant Center, South Dakota State University, 1015 Campanile Ave., Administration Building, Room 200, Box 2201, Brookings, SD, 57007, USA.
4
Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Busan, 46241, South Korea.
5
Department of Life Science and Environmental Biochemistry, Pusan National University, Miryang, 50463, South Korea. soilchem@pusan.ac.kr.

Abstract

The exact mechanism of cadmium (Cd) immobilization by oyster shell (OS) has not been reported. The effect of OS on Cd immobilization and the exact mechanism should be known before applying remediation technology using OS to Cd contaminated soils. Therefore, the objective of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of Cd immobilization by OS. Three grams of OS (< 0.84 mm) was reacted with 30 mL of 0-3.56 mg Cd L-1 solution at 25 °C for 48 h. Cadmium adsorption increased with increasing initial concentration of Cd in solution. The X-ray diffraction patterns clearly demonstrated that precipitation of CdCO3 did not take place in suspensions of OS after reacting with up to 3.56 mol Cd L-1. Interestingly, we found formation of Ca0.67Cd0.33CO3 crystalline in suspension of OS after reacting with maximum initial Cd concentrations. Precipitation and chemisorption might contribute to Cd immobilization together. However, we feel confident that chemisorption is the major mechanism by which Cd immobilization occurs with OS. In conclusion, OS could be an effective bioadsorbent to immobilize Cd through formation of geochemically stable Cd mineral.

PMID:
29167964
DOI:
10.1007/s00244-017-0453-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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