Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Proc Biol Sci. 2017 Nov 29;284(1867). pii: 20171540. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.1540.

Genome diversity in the Neolithic Globular Amphorae culture and the spread of Indo-European languages.

Author information

1
Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy.
2
Department of Biology, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy.
3
Department of Human Biology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University, Warsaw, Poland.
4
CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Université de Montréal, Montréal, PQ, Canada H3T 1C5.
5
Department of Evolutionary Biology, Institute for Biochemistry and Biology, Potsdam University, Potsdam, Germany.
6
Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.
7
Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
8
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
9
Department of Biology, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy david.caramelli@unife.it.
10
Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy g.barbujani@unife.it.

Abstract

It is unclear whether Indo-European languages in Europe spread from the Pontic steppes in the late Neolithic, or from Anatolia in the Early Neolithic. Under the former hypothesis, people of the Globular Amphorae culture (GAC) would be descended from Eastern ancestors, likely representing the Yamnaya culture. However, nuclear (six individuals typed for 597 573 SNPs) and mitochondrial (11 complete sequences) DNA from the GAC appear closer to those of earlier Neolithic groups than to the DNA of all other populations related to the Pontic steppe migration. Explicit comparisons of alternative demographic models via approximate Bayesian computation confirmed this pattern. These results are not in contrast to Late Neolithic gene flow from the Pontic steppes into Central Europe. However, they add nuance to this model, showing that the eastern affinities of the GAC in the archaeological record reflect cultural influences from other groups from the East, rather than the movement of people.

KEYWORDS:

Indo-European; Neolithic; ancient DNA; approximate Bayesian computation; migration; population genomics

PMID:
29167359
PMCID:
PMC5719168
DOI:
10.1098/rspb.2017.1540
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center