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Am J Public Health. 1989 Mar;79(3):316-21.

Incidence, causes and severity of injuries in Aquitaine, France: a community-based study of hospital admissions and deaths.

Author information

1
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), Unité 164 16, Villejuif, France.

Abstract

This paper reports the results of a study of injuries conducted during a one-year period within a defined geographic population of 2.7 million persons (Aquitaine, France). Cases were defined as unintentional or intentional injuries, either resulting in immediate death before reaching hospital or requiring hospital admission. During the one-year period, 1,181 deaths were registered and 8,190 hospital admissions occurred during the sample periods. The three leading causes of injury were falls (40 per cent), traffic accidents (27 per cent), and poisonings (15 per cent). The overall incidence of injuries was 136 per 10,000 person years. Incidence by sex and age was assessed for the main external causes. The ratios of nonfatal to fatal cases were calculated by sex and age and by external cause. The origin of the injury was suicide in 14 per cent of cases and assault or homicide in 3 per cent. The severity of injuries, assessed using an automatic computation of the Injury Severity Score (ISS), ranged from 1 to 66 with a mean of 6.9. Substantial variations of ISS were observed according to external cause. At the 8th day following admission, 31 per cent of hospital-treated patients were still hospitalized and 0.8 per cent had died in hospital. The outcome correlated well with the ISS.

PMID:
2916718
PMCID:
PMC1349555
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.79.3.316
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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