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Physiol Mol Biol Plants. 2017 Oct;23(4):865-875. doi: 10.1007/s12298-017-0467-2. Epub 2017 Oct 17.

Gene expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes in rice plants, cv. BRS AG, under saline stress.

Author information

1
Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Botânica, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Campus Universitário, Capão do Leão, RS 96160-000 Brazil.
2
Embrapa Clima Temperado, Pelotas, RS 96001-970 Brazil.
3
Centro de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico, Núcleo de Biotecnologia, Laboratório de Bioinformática e Proteômica (BioPro_Lab), Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Campus Universitário, Capão do Leão, RS 96160-000 Brazil.

Abstract

The rice cultivar (Oryza sativa L.) BRS AG, developed by Embrapa Clima Temperado, is the first cultivar designed for purposes other than human consumption. It may be used in ethanol production and animal feed. Different abiotic stresses negatively affect plant growth. Soil salinity is responsible for a serious reduction in productivity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the gene expression and the activity of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, CAT, APX and GR) and identify their functions in controlling ROS levels in rice plants, cultivar BRS AG, after a saline stress period. The plants were grown in vitro with two NaCl concentrations (0 and 136 mM), collected at 10, 15 and 20 days of cultivation. The results indicated that the activity of the enzymes evaluated promotes protection against oxidative stress. Although, there was an increase of reactive oxygen species, there was no increase in MDA levels. Regarding genes encoding isoforms of antioxidant enzymes, it was observed that OsSOD3-CU/Zn, OsSOD2-Cu/Zn, OsSOD-Cu/Zn, OsSOD4-Cu/Zn, OsSODCc1-Cu/Zn, OsSOD-Fe, OsAPX1, OsCATB and OsGR2 were the most responsive. The increase in the transcription of all genes among evaluated isoforms, except for OsAPX6, which remained stable, contributed to the increase or the maintenance of enzyme activity. Thus, it is possible to infer that the cv. BRS AG has defense mechanisms against salt stress.

KEYWORDS:

Oryza sativa L.; Oxidative stress; Reactive oxygen species; Salinity

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