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Pediatrics. 2017 Dec;140(6). pii: e20173034. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-3034. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Stigma Experienced by Children and Adolescents With Obesity.

Author information

1
Texas Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Childhood Obesity, Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas, Ascension, Austin, Texas; sjpont@gmail.com.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Dell Medical School; Center for Health Communication, Moody College of Communication; Department of Nutritional Sciences; University of Texas at Austin, Austin Texas.
3
Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity and Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.
4
Department of Pediatrics, Golisano Children's Hospital, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York; and.
5
Jane and Terry Semel Healthy Campus Initiative, David Geffen School of Medicine and Jonathan and Karin Fielding School of Public Health, University of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Abstract

The stigmatization of people with obesity is widespread and causes harm. Weight stigma is often propagated and tolerated in society because of beliefs that stigma and shame will motivate people to lose weight. However, rather than motivating positive change, this stigma contributes to behaviors such as binge eating, social isolation, avoidance of health care services, decreased physical activity, and increased weight gain, which worsen obesity and create additional barriers to healthy behavior change. Furthermore, experiences of weight stigma also dramatically impair quality of life, especially for youth. Health care professionals continue to seek effective strategies and resources to address the obesity epidemic; however, they also frequently exhibit weight bias and stigmatizing behaviors. This policy statement seeks to raise awareness regarding the prevalence and negative effects of weight stigma on pediatric patients and their families and provides 6 clinical practice and 4 advocacy recommendations regarding the role of pediatricians in addressing weight stigma. In summary, these recommendations include improving the clinical setting by modeling best practices for nonbiased behaviors and language; using empathetic and empowering counseling techniques, such as motivational interviewing, and addressing weight stigma and bullying in the clinic visit; advocating for inclusion of training and education about weight stigma in medical schools, residency programs, and continuing medical education programs; and empowering families to be advocates to address weight stigma in the home environment and school setting.

PMID:
29158228
DOI:
10.1542/peds.2017-3034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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