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Arch Anim Nutr. 2018 Feb;72(1):31-41. doi: 10.1080/1745039X.2017.1396144. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Duodenal infusions of isoleucine influence pancreatic exocrine function in dairy heifers.

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a College of Animal Science and Technology , Northwest A&F University , Yangling , Shaanxi , China.


Four healthy Holstein heifers (235 ± 12 kg) fitted with duodenal and pancreatic cannulas were used to investigate infusion of isoleucine (Ile) on the pancreatic exocrine function in a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Three doses of Ile, 10, 20 and 30 g in 2500 ml water, respectively, were infused into the duodenum over a period of 12 h in Experiment (Exp) 1 and over 10 d in Exp 2. Hourly pancreatic juice and jugular blood were taken during the infusion period in Exp 1, and the blood samples were taken in 2-h intervals over the last 2 d in Exp 2. Compared with no Ile infusion, the Ile infusions in both experiments increased the concentration and secretion rate of the protein, activity of ɑ-amylase and trypsin and plasma cholecystokinin. The secretion rate of ɑ-amylase and the activity of trypsin linearly increased with the Ile doses. The pancreatic juice secretion linearly increased with Ile in Exp 2 but not in Exp 1. Isoleucine linearly increased plasma insulin in Exp 1, but not in Exp 2. No effects of Ile on pH of pancreatic juice, the activity of chymotrypsin and lipase and plasma glucose were found. In conclusion, duodenal Ile infusion could increase the pancreatic exocrine function of Holstein heifers, especially ɑ-amylase, and the increment appeared to be dose and time dependent.


Duodenum; heifers; infusion; isoleucine; pancreas; secretion

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