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Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2018 Apr 1;259:45-53. doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2017.11.002. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Cloning and expression characterization in hypothalamic Dio2/3 under a natural photoperiod in the domesticated Brandt's vole (Lasiopodomys brandtii).

Author information

1
College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Sichuan, China; Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.
2
Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.
3
College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Sichuan, China. Electronic address: gc6252@sina.com.
4
Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address: liuxiaohui@caas.cn.

Abstract

The Dio2/3 gene is related to the photoperiodic response in mammals and plays an important role in the development of gonadal organs and seasonal breeding. Our previous studies have reported synchronous variations in the gonadal mass and photoperiodical transition around the summer solstice in a wild Brandt's vole population, a species with striking seasonal breeding. To investigate the role of the Dio2/3 gene in the control of seasonal breeding in this species, we cloned and characterized its expression levels by high-throughput Real-Time PCR during the period around the summer solstice. We selected a domesticated strain to ensure similar development of samples. The synchronous variation pattern between the Dio2/3 expression levels and gonadal mass around the summer solstice supports the prediction that the Dio2/3 gene plays an important role in the seasonal transition in this species. We suggest that the observed photoperiod response may be triggered by differences in the day length rather than the absolute daylength in this species. However, the similar Dio2/3 gene expression patterns but inconsistent gonadal mass patterns between the domesticated strain and the wild strain in the samples collected on Sep 8th, an absolute nonbreeding stage in the wild, lead us to speculate that the core function of the Dio2/3 gene should be restricted in response to the photoperiod rather than factors directly regulating gonadal development, and this laboratory strain could be used as an animal model to test the mechanism of environmental adaptation.

KEYWORDS:

Brandt’s vole; Dio2; Dio3; Photoperiod

PMID:
29154946
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygcen.2017.11.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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