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J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Apr;32(2):863-868. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2017.10.008. Epub 2017 Oct 5.

Computed Tomographic Window Setting for Bronchial Measurement to Guide Double-Lumen Tube Size.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, CHA University, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: bahkjh@snu.ac.kr.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The bronchial diameter measured on computed tomography (CT) can be used to guide double-lumen tube (DLT) sizes objectively. The bronchus is known to be measured most accurately in the so-called bronchial CT window. The authors investigated whether using the bronchial window results in the selection of more appropriately sized DLTs than using the other windows.

DESIGN:

CT image analysis and prospective randomized study.

SETTING:

Tertiary hospital.

PARTICIPANTS:

Adults receiving left-sided DLTs.

INTERVENTIONS:

The authors simulated selection of DLT sizes based on the left bronchial diameters measured in the lung (width 1,500 Hounsfield unit [HU] and level -700 HU), bronchial (1,000 HU and -450 HU), and mediastinal (400 HU and 25 HU) CT windows. Furthermore, patients were randomly assigned to undergo imaging with either the bronchial or mediastinal window to guide DLT sizes. Using the underwater seal technique, the authors assessed whether the DLT was appropriately sized, undersized, or oversized for the patient.

MAIN MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

On 130 CT images, the bronchial diameter (9.9 ± 1.2 mm v 10.5 ± 1.3 mm v 11.7 ± 1.3 mm) and the selected DLT size were different in the lung, bronchial, and mediastinal windows, respectively (p < 0.001). In 13 patients (17%), the bronchial diameter measured in the lung window suggested too small DLTs (28 Fr) for adults. In the prospective study, oversized tubes were chosen less frequently in the bronchial window than in the mediastinal window (6/110 v 23/111; risk ratio 0.38; 95% CI 0.19-0.79; p = 0.003). No tubes were undersized after measurements in these two windows.

CONCLUSIONS:

The bronchial measurement in the bronchial window guided more appropriately sized DLTs compared with the lung or mediastinal windows.

KEYWORDS:

airway management; bronchi; general anesthesia; intratracheal intubation; one-lung ventilation

PMID:
29153933
DOI:
10.1053/j.jvca.2017.10.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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